Amblyopia, or amblyopia, is a condition in which one eye is weaker than the other, which can lead to eye deflection (inability to focus on the same object in space) and further impaired vision in the weaker eye. Amblyopia is the most common case of visual impairment in children.  X A Trusted Resource Mayo Clinic Go to source Various treatment options are available for people with amblyopia of all ages, although young children tend to manage treatment better than older patients.  X Trusted Source Mayo Clinic Go to source
Treatment of less severe cases of amblyopia
Understand what amblyopia is. Blurred vision is a term used to describe a medical condition called “amblyopia”. Amblyopia is a condition that most commonly affects children around the age of seven. The first symptom is that one eye is thicker than the other, so the child automatically uses a stronger eye more than a weaker one (giving the stronger eye gradually more and more preference). This reduces the vision of the weaker eye due to the incomplete development of the visual pathway, which worsens over time (the longer the condition lasts without treatment).
It is important to diagnose and start treating the problem early. The sooner you start dealing with amblyopia, the faster and better the result.
Blunt vision usually does not have long-term consequences, especially if you catch the problem in time and it is smaller (which is the vast majority of them).
Note that over time, as the stronger eye gains strength relative to the weaker eye, the weaker eye begins to deviate. When you look at your child, or when the doctor examines him, one eye may seem to be moving to the side – it is not focused on the object in front of it and is not perfectly straight.
This abnormality is relatively common in amblyopia and is usually resolved through rapid diagnosis and treatment.
See a doctor. Because amblyopia is most commonly diagnosed in children, see a doctor immediately if you suspect this problem in your child. To ensure timely medical care, have regular eye examinations. Some doctors recommend examinations at six months, three years, and every two years thereafter.
Although amblyopia usually occurs in children, recent research has shown that amblyopia also occurs in adults. Therefore, consult your doctor or eye specialist for the most appropriate care.
Wear eye tape. In some cases of amblyopia, it is advisable to cover a thicker eye. This will force the weaker eye to use more, which will gradually strengthen it. These eye flaps are typical especially in patients younger than 7 or 8 years. The cover is usually worn for 3-6 hours a day for several weeks, but also for a year.
Your doctor may recommend various exercises. When you have a stronger blinded eye, you will need to focus on reading, school assignments, and similar situations in which you look at objects up close.
The caps can be used in conjunction with corrective glasses.
Use prescribed eye medications. Medications (usually in the form of eye drops) can be used to blur the vision of a healthy eye to make the eye work weaker. This treatment works on the same principle as the cap over the eye, so it forces the weaker eye to strengthen its vision.
Eye medications can be a good choice for children who avoid wearing an eye cap (and vice versa). However, these drops may not be effective when the stronger eye is short-sighted.
Atropine eye drops are sometimes associated with side effects, including:
redness of the surrounding skin
This disease can also be treated with corrective glasses. Special glasses are commonly prescribed to improve eye focus and achieve the right angle. In certain cases of amblyopia, especially nearsightedness, farsightedness or astigmatism, these glasses participate in the treatment and can completely solve the problem. In other cases, the glasses may be used in conjunction with other treatments for amblyopia. Talk to your doctor or eye specialist if you are interested in such glasses.
Children of the appropriate age can wear contact lenses instead of glasses.
Note that initially visually impaired people may have a problem with normal vision. This is because you are used to your visual impairment and you need time to get used to the adjusted vision.
Treatment of more severe cases of amblyopia
Undergo surgery. Surgery can fix your eyes if other treatments don’t work. Surgery should help you treat amblyopia, even if it is caused by cataracts. The operation may be associated with a subsequent eye cover, eye medication or glasses, but if you have good results, you may also be able to see well for yourself.
Do eye exercises as recommended by your doctor. Eye exercises can be recommended either before or after surgery to correct bad visual habits and learn good vision for a comfortable eye.
Because amblyopia is associated with weakened eye muscles in the weaker eye, strength training is needed to get the eye muscles back on track on both sides.
See a doctor for regular eye examinations. Even after your amblyopia has been surgically cured (and otherwise), it is possible that it may return in the future. To prevent this problem, it is good to see a doctor regularly, who will recommend various eye exercises, thanks to which you have a chance to avoid further complications.