How To Treat Chickenpox

Chickenpox is a common infection that is not dangerous for most healthy children and adults (although it is more rare due to vaccination), but can cause problems for people with certain health problems or immune deficiencies. The infection causes small lesions on the skin that turn into itchy and sometimes painful blisters and scabs, as well as fever and headaches.

Treatment of children and healthy adults

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Take free medication. If your child has chickenpox, they are likely to be accompanied by fever. Take over-the-counter medications such as paracetamol or acetaminophen to overcome fever and relieve pain. Read the package leaflet carefully before taking any medicine. If you are not sure if the medicine is safe, never give it to your child or take it yourself until you have consulted a specialist.

Never give aspirin or medicines that contain aspirin to reduce fever and other smallpox symptoms. The use of aspirin in chickenpox can lead to Reye’s syndrome, which affects the kidneys and brain and can be fatal.

Talk to your doctor about taking ibuprofen. In rare cases, its use can lead to adverse skin reactions and secondary infections.

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Try over-the-counter antihistamines. The main symptom of chickenpox is intense itching at the site of the ulcer. There may be situations where itching will be unbearable or will cause too much discomfort. Use over-the-counter antihistamines such as Benadryl, Zyrtec or Claritin to relieve itching. Talk to your doctor about dosing these medicines in children; They can be especially helpful at night when you need to sleep.

If you or your child suffers from severe pain or discomfort, consult a specialist. Your doctor will be able to prescribe you a stronger antihistamine.

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Moisturize sufficiently. Sufficient hydration is important in chickenpox. You may be dehydrated with chickenpox. Drink plenty of water during the day. Also drink other moisturizing fluids such as sports drinks.

Popsicles are another great way to help children stay hydrated if they don’t want to drink enough water.

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Eat soft, light meals. Ulcers can also form in the mouth in smallpox. They can be very uncomfortable and cause pain, especially if you eat inappropriate foods. Try soft, light meals such as hot soups, oatmeal, pudding or ice cream. If you have particularly painful sores in your mouth, avoid foods that are salty, sharp, sour or too hot.

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You or your child may occasionally suck ice cubes, popsicles or candies to relieve sore mouth pain.

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Stay at home. If you or your child have chickenpox, stay or leave the children at home for as long as possible. Don’t go to work, school or let a child who is infected go to school. You do not want to spread the virus to other people – chickenpox is easily spread through the air or by contact with a rash. You also don’t want to worsen the symptoms by overworking.

Once the sores have scabs and dry, the virus is no longer contagious. It usually takes five to seven days.

Treatment of ulcers

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Don’t scratch yourself. For smallpox, the most important thing to remember is that you or your child do not scratch the sores. Scratching them will make them worse and cause more irritation and increase the chance of infection. If you scratch them, the ulcers may heal into scars that will remain on the skin even after the chickenpox has healed.

It will be difficult, but you have to try it or encourage the children to try it.

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Trim your nails. Even if you shouldn’t scratch or let your child scratch, it’s very hard to endure. You or your child will probably scratch, so keep your nails short and smooth. Nails will not be able to scratch sores, which can open the skin, prolong the healing process, it can be more painful and increase the likelihood of infection.

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Cover your hands. If you or your child are still scratching, even with short nails, try covering your hands with gloves or socks. This will prevent secondary injuries. If you scratch with your hands covered, there is minimal risk of irritation as your nails will be covered.

Even if you and your baby are unable to scratch during the day, cover your hands at night, as you may scratch your skin in your sleep.

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Dress comfortably. During smallpox, the skin will sweat and be irritated. Do not wear tight-fitting clothing to avoid irritation. Choose looser cotton clothing that will keep the body in comfortable temperatures and will move gently over the skin. This outfit is best for keeping you comfortable.

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Do not wear harsh fabrics such as denim or wool.

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Stay fresh. The skin will be irritated and hot from heat and sores during smallpox. Do not stay in places that are too hot or humid, which will warm you or your baby, and your skin will itch even more. This means that you and your child should not go out in hot and humid weather and keep the house in colder temperatures.

Also avoid activities that increase body temperature and affect sweating.

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Apply zinc ointment. Zinc ointment is a great remedy for itchy skin and helps heal ulcers. If itching or pain is unbearable, apply ointment as needed. The ointment soothes the skin and brings a little relief.

You can also try other types of skin cooling gels to help with ulcers. For creams that are red, itchy or more inflamed, apply a cream or ointment with hydrocortisone.

Do not use Benadryl cream. Frequent administration can cause toxicity as much of the drug is absorbed into the bloodstream.

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Bathe in cold water. To relieve itching, you and your baby can take a bath in cold or lukewarm water. Do not use soap, which may worsen the irritation of the ulcers. If you or your child have a high fever, make sure the water is comfortable and does not cause shivering.

Add uncooked oatmeal, baking soda or oatmeal bath foam to soothe sores and irritation.

After the bath, apply soothing or moisturizing milk first and then zinc ointment.

Use cool tiles on particularly itchy areas at any time between baths.

Help for individuals at risk

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See a doctor if you are over 12 years old or if your child is less than 6 months old. Chickenpox goes away on its own without medical help if the affected person is under the age of 12. If you are over 12 years old, you must see a doctor as soon as you notice the ulcers. Complications can occur.

Your doctor will probably prescribe Acyclovir, an antiviral medicine that will help you manage the virus. Try to see a doctor within the first 24 hours of blisters to make this medicine as effective as possible. The 800 mg tablet is taken five days after 6 hours, but the dose may vary in young children or young people.

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Antiviral drugs are a great help in people with asthma or eczema, especially children.

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See a doctor if your symptoms worsen. In some situations, you will need to see a doctor, no matter how old you are. See a doctor immediately if you have a fever for more than four days, the fever is higher than 39 ° C, ulcers appear from which pus comes out or ulcers appear near the eyes or in the eyes, you are confused, you wake up hard, you walk badly, you have a stiff neck, a strong cough, you often vomit or have difficulty breathing.

Your doctor will examine you and decide on the best treatment. These symptoms can be a severe form of chickenpox, bacterial infection, or other virus.

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Seek immediate medical attention if you are pregnant. If you get chickenpox during pregnancy, you have a higher risk of secondary infections. Chickenpox can also be passed on to your unborn baby. Your doctor may prescribe Acyclovir, but may also prescribe immunoglobulin treatment. It is a solution of antibodies from healthy individuals, which is administered to people who are at risk of developing a serious smallpox infection.

This treatment will also help prevent the transmission of the infection from mother to unborn baby, which can have serious consequences for the baby.

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Get tested if you have immune problems. There are individuals who need special medical treatment if they get chickenpox. If you have an immune disorder, an immune disorder, HIV or AIDS, or are being treated for cancer, or are being treated with steroids or other immunosuppressive drugs, you should have them examined immediately. Your doctor may give you Acyclovir intravenously, but immune disorders may make you resistant to treatment.

If you are resistant to treatment, your doctor may give you foscarnet as a substitution treatment, but the dosage and duration of treatment will depend on your particular case.

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