Leprosy, also known as leprosy, is a bacterial disease that can cause skin lesions, disfigurements, nerve and eye damage and other problems. However, the disease can be treated. If you treat the disease properly, you can live a normal life and get out of the disease.
Seek care as soon as possible. Leprosy can be treated with drugs, so most patients can continue their normal lives if they treat it. If left untreated, the disease is mildly infectious, but you will not infect anyone else while taking the medicine. Failure to treat leprosy can cause serious problems in the limbs (hands and feet), eyes, skin and nerves.
Be careful not to spread the infection to others. If left untreated, leprosy is slightly contagious. The disease is transmitted to other people by air, such as sneezing or coughing. Therefore, be sure to put your hand over your mouth when coughing or sneezing to prevent the disease from spreading to others until you start treatment.
Your doctor will tell you what form of leprosy you have. Leprosy sometimes manifests itself only as a skin lesion, sometimes with more severe symptoms. The specific treatment depends on the form of leprosy diagnosed by your doctor.
Leprosy can be diagnosed as small-bacterial or multibacterial (more severe).
Leprosy is further classified as either tuberculoid or lepromatous (a more severe form that causes large blisters and nodules on the skin).
Take treatment with medication prescribed by your doctor. A number of antibiotics (usually a combination of dapsone, rifampicin and clofazimine) are prescribed to treat leprosy. These drugs kill the bacteria that cause the disease (Mycobacterium leprae) and treat infected people. Your doctor will prescribe medications that are effective for a specific form of leprosy.
The World Health Organization (WHO) provides these drugs to patients around the world, through the Department of Health.
Once you start taking medication, you can no longer spread the disease to others. You no longer need to be quarantined. You do not have to be quarantined.
Daily and monthly doses of dapsone, rifampicin and clofazimine can in many cases be prescribed for 24 months.
In the case of leprosy, which manifests itself only in the form of a skin lesion, patients are usually recommended 6 months of treatment.
In the United States, for example, the multibacterial form of leprosy is treated for one year, the small bacterial for two years.
In leprosy, which only manifests as a skin lesion, a single dose of dapsone, rifampicin and clofazimine is sufficient for the patient.
The multibacterial form may require further treatment.
Resistance to these drugs is rather rare.
The side effects of these drugs are usually minor. If you have any further questions, ask your doctor.
Symptoms and stages of healing
Take antibiotics. If your doctor prescribes antibiotics, continue to take them according to the instructions you received. If he does not take antibiotics according to the instructions, you can succumb to the disease again.
Monitor progress and any side effects or other complications. If you notice any changes, pain, etc., consult your doctor. Patients suffering from leprosy are particularly sensitive to the following conditions.
Neuritis, mild neuropathy (painless nerve damage), pain, burning, tingling and sudden stiffness. You can treat these problems with corticosteroids. If you do not treat them, they can cause permanent consequences and loss of function of that part of the body.
Iridocyclitis, or inflammation of the iris of the eye, can also occur in this case. If this happens, you should see an ophthalmologist immediately. This problem can be treated with special drops. If this condition is not treated, it can result in permanent damage.
Orchitis, or testicular inflammation, can also occur in this case. The problem can be treated with corticosteroids, however, you need to tell your doctor as soon as possible if you experience any testicular problems.
Leprosy can also cause blisters on the legs. Your doctor will help you with this problem with special splints, special shoes or wound dressings.
Damage to the nerves and skin associated with leprosy can cause deformities and loss of hand and foot function. Prevention or early treatment of symptoms that are specific to each person will help you prevent this problem.
Watch out for injuries. Leprosy can cause numbness. If this happens, you may not feel pain in the numb part of your body, so you may be injured without realizing it. Therefore, be especially careful not to injure yourself, such as burns or cuts.
If you do not have a feeling in your limbs, wear gloves or special shoes that will protect you.
Continue to see a doctor. Monitor your healing progress as well as any potential symptoms. Continue to see your doctor so that he or she can monitor you and answer any questions you may have about your treatment.