Angina (tonsillitis) means inflammation of the tonsils, these are two oval tissues located on the back of the neck. Some symptoms of sore throat, in addition to swelling, include sore throat, difficulty swallowing, stiff neck, fever, headache, and yellow or white spots on the tonsils that indicate infection. Bacterial or viral infections often cause tonsillitis. The treatment of sore throat depends on the cause and frequency of the disease.
Treat yourself to a lot of rest at home. People often take 1-3 days off work, depending on the severity of the infection. This can be followed by one full “quiet week, ” often people go to work, but postpone social gatherings and other events until they feel better. When recovering, speak as quietly and as little as possible.
Drink fluids and eat soothing food to soothe pain and discomfort. You can create a soothing blend that will help relieve the pain of sore throat. Mix lemon juice (1 teaspoon), honey (1 tbsp), cinnamon (1 teaspoon) and apple cider vinegar (1 tbsp) in hot water and drink as needed. Water also helps to dry out and further irritate the tonsils.
Hot tea, warm broth and other warm liquids can be soothing for the neck.
In addition to hot drinks, cold popsicles can also soothe discomfort in the throat.
Gargle with warm salt water. Stir 1 teaspoon (5 ml) of salt into a glass of warm water (236 ml). Gargle salt water, spit out, and repeat as needed to relieve sore throat caused by sore throat.
Remove any irritating substances in the air. It is important to minimize any irritants that may exacerbate angina, such as dry air, cleaners, or cigarette smoke. You can also try the humidified cool air that adds moisture to your room.
Try painkillers. Many lozenges contain a local anesthetic that can help reduce pain around the tonsils and neck.
Consider “alternative remedies. ” Always consult your doctor before using any of the following alternative remedies to make sure they are safe for you in connection with any other medical symptoms you may have. Not recommended for children and adolescents. Other options to consider include:
Papain. It is an anti-inflammatory enzyme that can help reduce tonsillitis.
Serapeptase. It is another anti-inflammatory enzyme that can help with sore throat.
Elm in lozenges. It has been shown to help relieve pain.
Lawyer latnatá. It focuses on treating the symptoms of fever and sore throat.
Confirmation of the diagnosis by throat swab and culture. If you think you have angina, it is important to see your doctor or emergency room doctor (if you cannot see your doctor the same day) to have a throat swab to make a diagnosis. The biggest concern about sore throat is if it is caused by group A streptococcal bacteria. This infection will require medical treatment with antibiotics, failure of treatment can lead to a potentially dangerous complication progressing down the mucosa.
The good news is that if you seek medical attention immediately, there is usually no complication of the infection.
Angina can also be caused by another problem, which is a viral infection. It is not always caused by streptococcal bacteria; however, it is always better to see a doctor who will rule it out and you will stay safe.
Ensure adequate fluid and calorie intake. One of the key things doctors will want to know if you have angina is whether you are able to consume enough fluids and food daily. The main thing that prevents you from achieving these goals are almonds that are so swollen or painful that it hurts you to eat or drink.
Doctors recommend controlling the pain with medication so you can continue to eat and drink.
In extreme cases of tonsil swelling, doctors may prescribe corticosteroid drugs that reduce swelling.
If you are unable to eat or drink, your doctor will probably prescribe IV fluids and calories until the corticosteroids and painkillers work out and reduce the pain and swelling around the tonsils enough to be able to consume food and drink by mouth.
Take painkillers. In most cases of angina, your doctor will advise you to take acetaminophen (Paracetamol, Paralen) or ibuprofen (Brufen) as needed for pain relief. Both of these medications are over-the-counter at your local pharmacy; follow the recommended dosage in the package leaflet.
Paracetamol (Paralen) tends to be a better choice for both fever and pain. Most cases of sore throat are the result of an infection, so paracetamol can help prevent your fever from rising too much.
However, you have to be careful with acetaminophen because it is added to so many products and therefore it is very easy to overdose. Write down the total dose and do not take more than 3 grams a day. Do not drink alcohol while taking acetaminophen.
Take antibiotics as instructed by your doctor. You may be prescribed penicillin for 10 days if your doctor determines that the angina is caused by bacteria.
Ask for other antibiotics if you are allergic to penicillin.
Take antibiotics even if you feel better. Failure to treat your treatment may result in the symptoms of angina returning or worsening, or complications below the mucosa may develop if you do not complete the prescribed treatment.
Ask your doctor what to do if you forget or miss a dose of antibiotics.
Tonsillectomy. If antibiotics do not help, or if you experience chronic or frequent angina, then tonsillectomy (removal of the tonsils) may be a last resort. We refer to frequent sore throat when a person has experienced an infection several times in one to three years.
Doctors perform a tonsillectomy to remove two tonsils in the back of the neck. In addition to being the ultimate treatment for angina, tonsillectomy also alleviates sleep apnea or other respiratory problems associated with enlarged tonsils.
Doctors usually complete the operation in one day, but patients are likely to fully recover within 7 to 10 days.
The criteria for performing a tonsillectomy are usually 6 or more angina over 1 year, 5 infections over 2 consecutive years, or more than 3 infections per year over 3 consecutive years.